#### Cubenovice

##### Forever Slow
Is there a website where I can find an explanation for the rules of FMC and how it works?
Because I see all these things like premoves and insertions and other things I've never heard about, and I'd really like to know what it all means

Cut n past from one of my previous posts ;-)

this
and check the solutions of other people in the weekly comps to see all these techniques in action.

Caseyd: a cancellation is when moves of parts of your solution cancel out.

example OLL - PLL:
OLL Sune: R U R' U R U2 R'
PLL (any): anything that starts with an R, R' or R2 will cancel one or more moves with the last move of the Sune
Examples:
CClockwise U perm: R2 U R U R’ U’ etc. cancels 1 move: R’ followed by R2 = R
Clockwise U-perm: R U' R U R U etc. cancels no less than three moves!
R U R' U R U2 R' R U' R U R U = R U R' U R U R U R U
R' and R cancel out and then U2 and U' is the same as U
= 3 cancelled moves

Spotting cancellations is one of the reasons for writing your FMC solutions without cube rotations.

Suppose you finish the 3rd pair with R’ U2 R and do the 4th with y’ F’ R U R’ U’ R’ F R to keep EO:
y’ F’ = R’ so you are actually cancelling two moves.
However if you write your results as R’ U2 R y’ F’ R U R’ U’ R’ F R you’ll score 11 HTM for this part
Still 11 HTM if you would write R’ U2 R R’ B U B’ U’ B’ R B in your final FMC solution ;-)
But only 9 HTM if you cancel out the R R’ and write R’ U2 B U B’ U’ B’ R B

Other cancellation tricks:
Watch out when you consecutive moves of opposite faces:
… R U R’ followed by L R UR… = … R U R’ L R UR… = … R U R’ R L UR… = ... R U L UR…
And pay attention to AUF’s too
AUF before a PLL could cost you a cancellation with the end of OLL
AUF before a PLL that ends with U is just a silly way of increasing movecount

I used OLL and PLL as examples (even though you typically would avoid ending with PLL in FMC) but offcourse they can be replaced by any moves in any part of the solution

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#### CubicNL

##### Member
Thanks rpotts and cubenovice, that's exactly what I needed

#### JonnyWhoopes

Some of the parts seem a little manual, but the cube comes together well in the middle. More importantly: Why in the world would you AUF twice during the LL?

Because it was a speedsolve. =)

#### JackJ

##### Member
Trying FMC again after a 6 month break.

R2 D' L' U2 B2 D2 B' U L2 D' U F' R' B2 U2 F U D' L2 R U' F2 L' B' F'

Solution: 48 moves
D' R2 D2 R' D2 R2
U2 L U B2 U L2 U' L2
R' U' R U2 R B R' B U B' U' B
L2 D L' U2 L D' L' U2 L'
B U B' R2 Uw' R U' R' U R' Uw R2 U'

Pretty promising start for me, LL really killed it though with no move cancellations. Feel free to point out any typos or places to work on.

#### cuBerBruce

##### Member
Trying FMC again after a 6 month break.

R2 D' L' U2 B2 D2 B' U L2 D' U F' R' B2 U2 F U D' L2 R U' F2 L' B' F'

Solution: 48 moves
D' R2 D2 R' D2 R2
U2 L U B2 U L2 U' L2
R' U' R U2 R B R' B U B' U' B
L2 D L' U2 L D' L' U2 L'
B U B' R2 Uw' R U' R' U R' Uw R2 U'

Pretty promising start for me, LL really killed it though with no move cancellations. Feel free to point out any typos or places to work on.

For starters, learn to take advantage of symmetry. Why did you use that OLL when its mirror leaves a J-Perm instead of a G-Perm? That'll save 2 moves anyway, assuming you know the optimal J-Perm.

EDIT:
Incidently, I note that the first G-Perm I learned actually gets 3 moves to cancel on that solve. Knowing extra algs for the same case can be beneficial. But generally OLL/PLL is not the most efficient way to finish solves for FMC.

Scramble: R2 D' L' U2 B2 D2 B' U L2 D' U F' R' B2 U2 F U D' L2 R U' F2 L' B' F'
JackJ's start:
D' R2 D2 R' D2 R2
U2 L U B2 U L2 U' L2
R' U' R U2 R B R' B U B' U' B
L2 D L' U2 L D' L' U2 L'
Alternate G-Perm finish (3 moves cancel):
L U' R U2 L' U R' B' F' U2 B F U (48-3 = 45)

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#### irontwig

##### Member
Trying FMC again after a 6 month break.

R2 D' L' U2 B2 D2 B' U L2 D' U F' R' B2 U2 F U D' L2 R U' F2 L' B' F'

Solution: 48 moves
D' R2 D2 R' D2 R2
U2 L U B2 U L2 U' L2
R' U' R U2 R B R' B U B' U' B
L2 D L' U2 L D' L' U2 L'
B U B' R2 Uw' R U' R' U R' Uw R2 U'

Pretty promising start for me, LL really killed it though with no move cancellations. Feel free to point out any typos or places to work on.

D' R2 D2 R' D2 R2
U F' L2 F U B2
U B U' B' R' U2 R
R U' L U2 R' U R U2 L' R'
B2 L2 (30)

If you don't know about pseudoblocks and premoves you should; they can be very useful. Try to find the relation between the pre moves (B2 L2) and how the cube looks after 12 moves. The premoves are then applied before the scramble to make the F2L-1 look normal and when you're done with the solve you just slap them on right at the end.

The best way to solve the LL is for the most part Snyder's approach (leave three corners with a short alg) though you don't need to instantly which alg to use just muck about a bit. Leaving three corners Heise style is also really useful.

btw I saw a post by (I think) Mirek on the Yahoo group saying that all 10-move 2c2e swaps (e.g. J-perm) are cyclical shifts of each other, but I can't seem to find it now. I feel a bit stupid for not noticing that the three algs I know (that affect only one layer) weren't shifts of each other, oh well.

Edit: Found it:
http://games.groups.yahoo.com/group/fewestmoveschallenge/message/123
I'm guessing there's some other cool stuff waiting to be dug up.

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#### bwronski

##### Member
Has anyone made any FMC videos? Like a time lapse or a "how to" demonstrating different methods and tricks. I am interested in getting into it and somethings are hard to understand through reading.

#### DavidWoner

##### The Punchmaster
I have received numerous requests for a fewest moves video tutorial. I will never make one. I don't see what there is to be gained through video that would actually be useful to anyone.

#### manyhobbyfreak

##### Member
trying out scramble from: jackj

R2 D' L' U2 B2 D2 B' U L2 D' U F' R' B2 U2 F U D' L2 R U' F2 L' B' F'

D' R2 D2 R' D2 R2 6/6
U' B2 R' U2 R B2 6/12
U' L' U' L U L2 6/18
b L U L' U' b' 6/24
U F2 U M' U2 M U F2 L 11/35
L 1/36

wow, did better that i expected. however i could not find a good time to do u-perm in my solve :confused:
only my 6th fmc try or so.

do you guys have any tips on what i did good and what was bad?

edit: :fp really easy cancel in the end should have been L2 of course

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#### irontwig

##### Member
Try to avoid using double layer turns and slices. This gives a 32 move total:

D' R2 D2 R' D2 R2
U' B2 R' U2 R B2
U' L' U'.L U L2
U L U F U' F'

Insert at dot: U R U' D B' U' B D' U R' (Two moves)

But if it's only your 6th FMC then you're on the right way

#### manyhobbyfreak

##### Member
wow, i now see jack irontwig and me have the same beginning XD
was that 2x2 like optimal?

#### Cubenovice

##### Forever Slow
I think it is more likely that Irontwig uses the same start to show you where you can improve based on your start.

#### Johannes91

##### Member
R2 D' L' U2 B2 D2 B' U L2 D' U F' R' B2 U2 F U D' L2 R U' F2 L' B' F'

D' R2 D2 R' D2 R2 6/6
wow, i now see jack irontwig and me have the same beginning XD
was that 2x2 like optimal?
D' L2 U2 R

#### irontwig

##### Member
Here's some movecounts that I gathered from experience, imo it's very useful to know what's a good start and how many moves you can expect to finish up in. Feel free to correct and such.

Some movecounts for good starts:

Square+pair: 3
2x2x2: 4
Two squares: 5
2x2x3: 9
F2L-1: 14
F2L: 17

Average movecounts for insertions:

Single alg insertion:
3-corner cycle: 6
3-edge cycle: 7
2-corner 2-edge swap: 9

Two alg insertion:
2-corner twist: 8 (2+6)
5-corner cycle/4-corners "2+2" or "3+1": 10 (4+6)

Slightly higher when you need to insert edge cycles instead

#### kinch2002

Am I right in thinking that for the 2-corner twist you insert a random 3 corner cycle, then insert another one? 6 cancelled moves sounds a lot for one insertion, although I guess there are a lot of possibilities.

#### Mike Hughey

Staff member
Wow, irontwig, I wish I were that good. Almost everything there is beyond me. I have to admit that if I ever get one move more than what you have for any of those things, I consider myself lucky.

But I also admit that the ratio of those values seems similar to what I see, except that I don't see how you manage to get such good results with 2-corner twists. I generally have trouble doing better than 14, so I just apply the algorithm for it at the end when I get them. How do you manage it?

#### Cubenovice

##### Forever Slow
Average movecounts for insertions:

Single alg insertion:
3-corner cycle: 6
3-edge cycle: 7
2-corner 2-edge swap: 9

Two alg insertion:
2-corner twist: 8 (2+6)
5-corner cycle/4-corners "2+2" or "3+1": 10 (4+6)

Slightly higher when you need to insert edge cycles instead

I would love to see some 2-corner twist examples

I assume the higher-than-optimal average for edge 3-cycles is due to not always finding the edges on the same slice and having to resort to 9 move U-perms?
Seems you did a -2 vs the optimal moves, perhaps the edges could get an average of 6 because sometimes you will find them on the same slice with cancellations to boot.

What HTM wold you consider the max for "leaving 5 corners"?

#### irontwig

##### Member
For three edges most of time the best is either a 7-mover cancelling no moves or a 10-mover (e.g. [R E R',U] or [R U R', S]) cancelling three moves. There are only two non-isomorphic 6 and 8-mover so of course those are rarer.

For the two corner twists there often several three move conjugates such L F2 L' or D R D' in the skeleton and you only need to be able to cancel away one of those to be able to leave three corners with only two extra moves.

#### Mike Hughey

Staff member
For three edges most of time the best is either a 7-mover cancelling no moves...
Pardon my denseness, but what is an example of this?

For the two corner twists there often several three move conjugates such L F2 L' or D R D' in the skeleton and you only need to be able to cancel away one of those to be able to leave three corners with only two extra moves.
Wow, I never thought of explicitly looking for those kinds of moves. That seems like a really nice approach! Thank you!

#### Cubenovice

##### Forever Slow
I do pay special attention to that kind of sequences when looking for insertions but never considered this as a specific 2-twisted-corners approach.

Just recently I rage-quitted in the weekly comp on 2 twisted corners...