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potentially a better wiki FAQ


Dec 20, 2016
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Norther...
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I noticed that the FAQ on the speed solving wiki was outdated in many aspects so I thought I should update it, please tell me what you think:

What is the best cube?

Valk 3, weilong gts/gts2, gans 356 air are generally the best cube depending on preference

many top cubers prefer magnetic versions of the above puzzles but they can be alot more expensive unless you do it yourself

For smaller budgets moyu MF3RS or qiyi Warrior W are generally the best

It depends alot on personal preference though.

For more information, see the Cube Hardware page.

Where can I buy cubes?
You can try zcube, SpeedCubeShop, TheCubicle, magiccubemall, lightake.

Be aware that buying "knock-offs" (illegal copies of currently patented puzzles) is frowned upon by many forum members.
@ See speedsolving.com discussion

How do I lubricate my cube?
You can either take a piece or two out and spray the lubricant in directly, or disassemble and fully spray the lubricant on every piece with sweeps. There are many tutorials in youtube if you need help. Also, check youtube for techniques to lubricate big cubes.

The best lubricant is DNM37:


or the new speedcubeshop lubricants: https://speedcubeshop.com/collections/cosmic-lube/products/space-lube-sampler

Maru is also a very good lubricant and the traxxas lubricants are very good.

How do I keep my screws from unscrewing when I turn the Cube?
This generally does not happen unless you have an out of date cube or you have loosened the tensions far too much

What does <insert some notation here> mean?
The official notation of the World Cube Association can be found here: [1]

Wikipedia also has a description of the notation in a different format: [2]

There are many other references on the Net, try googling "rubik cube notation" if you don't like either of the above. Here's a page with pictures: http://www.cubewhiz.com/notation.html

This site is also very good for cube notation: https://ruwix.com/the-rubiks-cube/notation/

The notation I'm asking about isn't in the WCA regulations, how do I decipher how to turn it?
Some older notation used "w" for a wide turn, so Rw would be the same as r in WCA notation. For big cubes different notation is commonly used:

2R is inner layer R on 4x4 however 3R is innermost R layer on 6x6/7x7

Where can I buy a timer like they use in competition?
https://thecubicle.us/stackmat-timer-gen4-p-6443.html generally for US

https://speedcubeshop.com/products/speedstacks-g4-timer generally for US

Chinese stores are generally best if you do not live in the US:



http://www.lightake.com/Product/Search?page=1&keyword=cube timer&sort=6&showtype=1\

http://thepuzzlestore.uk/speedstacks-g4-gen-4-pro-timer/ - generally good for UK and Europe

@ see related threads on forum here and here.

Are there timers on the Internet?




The Web-based Software Wiki page also has up-to-date info on online timers.

Can I download a timer for my computer/phone/PSP?
CCT (CALCubeTimer) in JAVA (jar file), here. Is very popular with many features like being able to connect a speedstacks timer with a data port to the computer and use it with CCT. Last update is version 0.9.5 (nov/2010). No longer maintained.

Prisma Puzzle Timer (PPT), also in JAVA (jar file), here here. This timer gives graphs, and other data charts for sessions. The forum discussion here.

Another great timer is JNet Cube. The forum discussion here.

iPhone and iPod touch, iiTimer (a port of qqTimer that works very well).

Android, jjTimer and JustInTime are both good options. Other with many features is Sune Timer (scrambles, algorithms for CFOP, WCA Regulation, etc!)

Where can I find a scramble generator?
Most speedcubing timers include scrambler generators. If your timer does not have scrambles, you can use this page to find a scramble generator for your puzzle. The Web-based Software Wiki page also has up-to-date info on online scramblers.

What is standard deviation?
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Standard_deviation In probability theory and statistics, standard deviation is a measure of the variability or dispersion of a population, a data set, or a probability distribution. A low standard deviation indicates that the data points tend to be very close to the same value (the mean), while high standard deviation indicates that the data are spread out over a large range of values.

Where are the rules for WCA competitions?
On the WCA site of course!

How fast do I need to be to compete?
There's no requirement for speed to participate in most competitions. Even high level competitions like the US Nationals are open to all, if you see a time listed for "prequalification", this is a time that allows you to skip the qualifying round. If you are slower than that time you will still be allowed to take part in the qualifications. However generally if you are below a certain time you may not be able to get an official average in the longer events (4x4+,megaminx etc)

If you have the opportunity to attend a competition, even if you're not very fast, most experienced competitors would advise you to go for the social interaction and experience.

What is the fastest method?
There is no ultimate method, its really down to personal preference. The most popular speedcubing method is currently Fridrich, (CFOP), although other methods such as Roux and ZZ are also quite popular. Fridrich is currently used by many of the top speedcubers, however other methods may be just as fast if not better but may not have reached their full potential. The most obvious/natural progression from the beginner LBL method is Fridrich, which may explain its popularity. Being the most popular means it gains the most support and development, and is also more likely to be adopted by a talented cuber. More info can be found in the speedsolving forums, where this often comes up as topic of debate.

What is the easiest method?
The easiest method to learn is probably the beginner's layer-by-layer (LBL) method in which you solve the first, second, and the finally the last layer one by one. It's pretty basic, therefore easy to learn. However, this method however is relatively inefficient and is hard to achieve good times with. Other beginner methods exist, focusing on lower numbers of algorithms and/or more intuitive solving. Compared to the others, the LBL method has the easiest transition to the popular Fridrich (CFOP) speedcubing method.

What is the method that uses the fewest moves?
The most popular method for Fewest Moves solving is the Petrus method. Although it is designed for speed, it tends to have a very good move efficiency compared to other methods. The Heise method is another method that was designed specifically for move efficiency rather than speed. It is highly intuitive and very difficult to master. Other methods can be still be made efficient if you plan your moves carefully. More info on FM can be found on the Fewest Moves page.

Should I learn algorithms for F2L or learn it intuitively?
It is generally recommended that you learn intuitive F2L but if you find a case that you can’t do quickly then it may be a good idea to look at other F2L algorithms

How can I get faster?
Practice, practice, practice. That is the key way to get speed. Normally, with some work, your times will gradually drop without you doing anything. (If you are around 1 minute with LBL method then you should learn a faster method.)

If you haven't, try learning an advanced method(CFOP, Roux, zz). That should help you lower your times considerably.

Work on lowering your move count, look ahead and experiment with tricks.

Learn new algorithms.

Unglue your eyes from your computer screen, pick up your puzzle, and try to get faster.

It is also helpful if you do slow solves in order to train your look ahead.

Also, don't ever use Rubik's brand for speedcubing.

I think I invented a new method, did I?
Probably not. If you haven't studied and don't fully understand the concepts behind all the major solving methods (CFOP, Petrus, Roux, ZZ, Waterman) and know the basic philosophy of the advanced variations (MGLS, ZB, Heise,VLS, ZBLL) then don't even bother asking.

Should I make a new web site about cubing?
Probably not unless you're actually going to provide something fresh and new and not just rehash the information already available on the 'net. @see the Wiki list of cubing sites

What does AUF mean?
Adjust U Face

What does XXX mean?
Are listed almoust all of them here: Category:Acronyms, or more general Category:Terminology

Also we have a thread in our forum: Guide-for-Cubing-Abbreviations

Finally, Macky created a great glossary of cubing terms. This is a great first stop if you see a term or abbrevation you don't understand cubefreak.net
Last edited:


Jun 10, 2015
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Magnetic versions of the above cubes are even better but are generally expensive.
Too biased. I wouldn't say magnetic versions are better, just once again different and it can suit some people well.

Fridrich is currently used by many of the top speedcubers, and is as such believed to be the fastest method.
There's probably no one that thinks Fridrich is the fastest method. Almost everyone who uses it is aware that it's mostly used because it was popular before etc.

The rest seems fine. :)


Staff member
Mar 13, 2006
This thread came up in a search recently for me. It reminded me, we need to update and improve the Intro to Speedcubing for Beginners page:

It needs to be improved, and your recommendations in this post are a good start. Can you (or anyone reading this) please assist in updating that wiki page for 2018? In addition to what was written in the first post here, adding good tutorials on Youtube, useful Youtube channels, new websites and links, etc. It should be a thorough intro for people just getting into speedcubing.